Fire Tanks - a Way to Increase Safety in Case of Fire

Fire protection is a priority, especially where the risk of this dangerous phenomenon is higher. Fire tanks are one of the key elements of the safety system aimed at effectively managing the situation in case of a fire outbreak.

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What are fire tanks?

Fire tanks are specialized constructions used to store water, which is utilized in case of fires. Their main purpose is to provide an adequate amount of firefighting water that can be used by the fire brigade or other rescue services. These tanks are an essential part of fire infrastructure, both for industrial facilities and residential or public buildings.

Depending on the needs and specifics of a given facility, fire tanks can have different capacities, shapes, and be made of different materials. It's important for the tank to meet fire safety standards and regulations and be adequately protected against damage or corrosion.

Two firefighters in protective gear spraying water from fire tank
Storing firefighting water is an important element of fire containment.

Applications of fire tanks

The application of such tanks covers a wide range of possibilities since they are an essential part of fire systems. Below are a few examples of the applications of fire tanks:

  • Industrial facilities: in production plants, warehouses, or power plants, where the risk of fire is increased, they are essential to ensure an adequate amount of water.
  • Residential and office buildings: in the case of high-rise buildings, they are often installed on roofs or in other strategic locations to provide access to water on all floors.
  • Public utility facilities: schools, hospitals, shopping centers, or hotels also require tanks to protect life and property in case of fire.
  • Transportation infrastructure: airports, railway stations, tunnels, or bridges are also prone to fires, so tanks are installed there to ensure the safety of travelers and workers.
  • Sports and recreational facilities: stadiums, pools, amusement parks, or cinemas also require fire tanks to protect event participants and infrastructure from fire.

It's worth mentioning that fire tanks can be equipped with additional elements such as firefighting pumps, suction pipes, or water level monitoring systems. This allows rescue services quick and easy access to water, which can significantly affect the effectiveness of firefighting efforts.

Large steel tanks
50m3 steel water tank

Advantages of steel fire tanks

Steel fire tanks are one of the popular choices among various types of tanks used for storing firefighting water. When choosing steel fire tanks, it's worth considering their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the production process, which affects the quality and durability of these constructions. External steel tanks should also be resistant to atmospheric factors such as frost, rain, and wind.

The advantages of technological steel tanks include:

  • Durability: steel is a material with high durability, resulting in the long lifespan of tanks.
  • Corrosion resistance: they are often coated with anti-corrosion coatings, protecting them from rust, e.g., galvanized tanks.
  • Ease of installation: they are easy to install, speeding up the installation process.
  • Customization: they can be produced to order, allowing them to be tailored to the individual needs of the customer.

The production process of steel tanks begins with cutting and forming steel sheets, which are then welded to create tight and durable structures. They are then subjected to the painting process or coated with anti-corrosion coatings to provide long-term protection against corrosion. Depending on the customer's needs, steel water tanks can also be equipped with additional elements such as firefighting pumps, suction pipes, or water level monitoring systems.

Internal and external, underground and aboveground tanks

Depending on the location of the tank in the building, we distinguish between internal and external fire tanks - installed both inside and outside buildings, depending on the needs and specifics of the facility. Regardless of the application, these tanks must meet technical, structural, and material requirements to ensure effective protection against fire.

Water storage tanks are also divided into underground and aboveground:

  • Underground fire tank - a solution that allows effective water storage while minimizing the impact on the environment and the aesthetics of the area. They are often made of materials such as reinforced concrete, steel, or plastics. Their design is intended to provide tightness and durability, even in difficult soil conditions. These tanks are usually equipped with appropriate protections, such as hatches, suction pipes, and ventilation systems.
  • Aboveground fire tank - they should be resistant to external atmospheric factors so that the tightness and operation of the tanks remain undisturbed. An important aspect is their capacity, which should be adapted to the needs of the facility and local fire regulations.
A large steel tank horizontal
Buyinga used fire tank is a way to save money while simultaneously ensuring safety and environmental protection.

Planning Fire Tanks - Tips

When planning fire tanks, one of the first steps is to determine the requirements regarding the tank's capacity. The tank's capacity should be adjusted to the facility's needs and local fire regulations. Fire tanks with certification guarantee the safety and tightness of the construction. It's also worth considering the possibility of expanding the facility in the future, which may increase the demand for storing firefighting water.

Another important factor is the choice of material from which the tank will be made. The material should be corrosion-resistant, durable, and easy to maintain. The most popular materials include steel, reinforced concrete, and plastics. The choice of material depends on many factors, such as the tank's capacity, weather conditions, or customer requirements.

Another important aspect of planning fire tanks is their location. The tank can be installed on the ground surface (aboveground), below ground level (underground), or inside the building (internal). The choice of location depends on the availability of space, terrain conditions, and fire regulations requirements.

When planning water tanks, it's also important to consider additional elements that can enhance the tank's functionality. A water tank may require elements such as firefighting pumps, suction pipes, water level monitoring systems, or flood protection. The choice of additional elements depends on the individual needs and requirements of the facility.

Regarding the financial aspects of investing in a water tank, it's worth considering the option of buying a used fire tank. A wide selection of such tanks at Agrotex allows you to choose not only the capacity of steel tanks but also to add tank equipment tailored to technical requirements.


In summary, fire tanks are an essential part of fire infrastructure, both for industrial facilities and residential or public buildings. The tightness of such a tank ensures increased safety and facilitates public services in protecting people and property in case of a fire outbreak.